Malaria is the most common tropical disease. Mosquitoes spread it. The disease can be fatal if its diagnosis and treatment are not done promptly. It only takes a mosquito bite for a person to be infected. The following are the most common symptoms of malaria:
- Sweats and chills
- Fever/ high temperature
- Muscle pain
The symptoms take about 7-18 days to appear though they might take longer than this in some cases. This article is going to discuss the treatment of malaria by use Malarone.
What is Malarone?
This is a drug containing a combination of proguanil and atovaquone. Proguanil and atovaquone are medications used in the treatment of malaria which is a parasitic disease. Malarone interferes with the growth of these parasites within your red blood cells. Parasites which cause malaria enters the human body through a mosquito bite. Malaria is very common in the tropical areas such as South America, Africa, and South Asia. Malarone can be used to prevent or treat malaria.
Individuals who are allergic to proguanil and atovaquone are advised not to use Malarone. Again you should not use this drug to treat or prevent malaria if you are suffering from a severe kidney disease.
Before you start using Malarone, you are advised to tell the doctor if you are suffering from a kidney or liver disease, or any severe complications arising from other infections such as diarrhea or uncontrolled vomiting or malaria.
The drug is taken on a daily basis with a milky drink or food. You are supposed to take another medication if you happen to vomit within the first one hour after taking the medication. If vomiting persists, call your doctor.
Preventing malaria by Malarone
Those taking Malarone for prevention purposes should take the drug two days before entering the malaria zones. They should continue with the medication daily during their stay and for another seven days after leaving the place. If you hapen to stop taking the medication ealy for any given reason, ensure that you contact a medical professional to provide you with another form of preventing malaria.
Treatment of malaria using Malarone
You should take medicine continuously or in a row after every three days. Take Malarone as prescribed by the health professional. The symptoms might improve or get eliminated even before your infection is cleared completely.Note that there is no medication tat is proven to be 100% effective in preventing or treating malaria.
However, you should use the medication as directed for better results. Consult a doctor if you happen to suffer from vomiting, fever or diarrhea during the treatment period. Malarone should be stored at the room temperature and away from heat and moisture.
Side effects of Malarone
You should get an emergency medical assistance if you happen to develop any allergic reaction after taking the Malarone dosage. Such signs of allergic reactions include the following: difficulty in breathing and swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips or throat. Other serious side effects include the following;
- Mouth sore, fever
- Severe skin rash
- Uncontrolled diarrhea or vomiting
- Loss of appetite, nausea, dark urine e.t.c.